Vaccinating a dog: how long before you can go for a walk?

Vaccinations against infectious diseases are necessary not only to protect the individual animal, but also to provide general population immunity

Muffin the Doer Terrier at the Doggy Center, owner Ekaterina
Muffin at Doggy Center lessons, owner Ekaterina.
Dogs are systematically vaccinated against:

plague of carnivores;
infectious hepatitis;
parvovirus and coronavirus enteritis;
Passive immunity, which cubs inherit from their mother, decreases by 8-12 weeks of age. Veterinarians allow several vaccination regimens, depending on the preparation and litter conditions:

First vaccination at 8 weeks, take at 12 weeks;
First vaccination at 6 weeks, take at 9 and 12 weeks;
First vaccination at 4 weeks, take at 8 and 12 weeks.
Repeats are necessary because there is a chance that one vaccination will not get the immune response needed and antibody production will not begin.

Quarantine after Vaccination
Instructions for complex vaccines state that it takes 2 or 3 weeks for immunity to build up. This time is called quarantine, and it is necessary for the dog’s body to get to know and defeat the virus, as well as give the necessary amount of antibodies that will reliably protect the animal when it comes into contact with a “live” infection.

After vaccination, internal resources are focused on fighting the non-aggressive, but still invader. For puppies, this may be expressed in a depressed state for the first 1-3 days, a short rise in body temperature, poor appetite. Local swellings may form at the injection site, which go away on their own.

In general, quarantine is asymptomatic.

When you can walk after vaccination
If acting strictly according to the instructions, you should take the puppy outdoors only after the full quarantine period to protect against possible contact with the infection.

But in the real world, it is impossible to ensure an absolute boundary between the dog and the outside world. The virus can be brought into the house on shoes or clothing. And the extra 3 weeks of confinement inhibits socialization and toilet training.

Experienced dog owners often keep their puppies at home for one week after their vaccinations at 8 or 12 weeks, and then take them out for a walk according to a few rules:

Direct walking – in relatively secluded, quiet and clean places, where there are no other people’s animals. This is where you take the puppy out either by hand or in a bag or by car;
You should avoid any contact with adult dogs that you don’t know about vaccinations. In kennels, young dogs are constantly in contact with older dogs, this is necessary for normal development, but all dogs must be healthy;
Avoid sniffing, licking and eating feces, food scraps and dead food. The puppy should be closely watched during the walk, looking around for a few steps at a time;
categorically exclude drinking from puddles and ponds.
All of the above rules can safely carry over into adulthood – in whole, in part or with some adjustments. Vaccination of the dog is repeated annually, and reducing the risk of infection is a task not only for veterinarians, but also for the owners themselves.